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2021-10-18 10:47:05| 來源:內蒙古中公教育

Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle viewed laughter as “a bodily exercise precious to health.” But ---__1___some claims to the contrary, laughing probably has little influence on physical fitness. Laughter does __2___short-term changes in the function of the heart and its blood vessels, ___3_ heart rate and oxygen consumption But because hard laughter is difficult to __4__, a good laugh is unlikely to have __5___ benefits the way, say, walking or jogging does.

__6__, instead of straining muscles to build them, as exercise does, laughter apparently accomplishes the __7__, studies dating back to the 1930’s indicate that laughter__8___ muscles, decreasing muscle tone for up to 45 minutes after the laugh dies down.

Such bodily reaction might conceivably help _9__the effects of psychological stress. Anyway, the act of laughing probably does produce other types of ___10___ feedback, that improve an individual’s emotional state. __11____one classical theory of emotion, our feelings are partially rooted ____12___ physical reactions. It was argued at the end of the 19th century that humans do not cry ___13___they are sad but they become sad when the tears begin to flow.

Although sadness also ____14___ tears, evidence suggests that emotions can flow __15___ muscular responses. In an experiment published in 1988,social psychologist Fritz Strack of the University of würzburg in Germany asked volunteers to __16___ a pen either with their teeth-thereby creating an artificial smile – or with their lips, which would produce a(n) __17___ expression. Those forced to exercise their smiling muscles ___18___ more exuberantly to funny cartoons than did those whose mouths were contracted in a frown, ____19___ that expressions may influence emotions rather than just the other way around. ___20__ , the physical act of laughter could improve mood.

1.[A]among [B]except [C]despite [D]like

2.[A]reflect [B]demand [C]indicate [D]produce

3.[A]stabilizing [B]boosting [C]impairing [D]determining

4.[A]transmit [B]sustain [C]evaluate [D]observe

5.[A]measurable [B]manageable [C]affordable [D]renewable

6.[A]In turn [B]In fact [C]In addition [D]In brief

7.[A]opposite [B]impossible [C]average [D]expected

8.[A]hardens [B]weakens [C]tightens [D]relaxes

9.[A]aggravate [B]generate [C]moderate [D]enhance

10.[A]physical [B]mental [C]subconscious [D]internal

11.[A]Except for [B]According to [C]Due to [D]As for

12.[A]with [B]on [C]in [D]at

13.[A]unless [B]until [C]if [D]because

14.[A]exhausts [B]follows [C]precedes [D]suppresses

15.[A]into [B]from [C]towards [D]beyond

16.[A]fetch [B]bite [C]pick [D]hold

17.[A]disappointed [B]excited [C]joyful [D]indifferent

18.[A]adapted [B]catered [C]turned [D]reacted

19.[A]suggesting [B]requiring [C]mentioning [D]supposing

20.[A]Eventually [B]Consequently [C]Similarly [D]Conversely


1.[C]despite 從后面一個句子中的little我們可以判斷出這里的轉折意為,因而本題選擇despite;

2.[D]produce 此處前一個詞does表示強調,根據上下文課意思可判斷選項;

3.[B]boosting boost意思是促進增進、stabilize意思是穩定、impair是減少削弱、determine意思是決定。因而可以判斷選boost;

4.[B]sustain 本題全憑詞義選擇:transmit 意思是傳輸;sustain,維持;evaluate,評估;observe,觀察。

5.[A]measurable 本題一樣是詞義考察:measurable,可評估的;manageable,可掌握的;affordable,可承受的;renewable,可更新的。

6.[B]In fact 從后一句中的Instead of doing...可以看出此處有意群的轉換,因而選擇了"In fact",實際上……起到承前啟后的作用。

7.[A]opposite 從前一句的 instead of 得知此處句意發生轉折,因而選擇opposite

8.[D]relaxes 從后一句"decreasing muscle tone",減少肌肉張力,可判斷此處應選擇relaxes,放松。

9.[C]moderate 也是從上一句的句意“放松肌肉、減少肌肉張力”可看出此處的意思應該相同,因而選擇"moderate",穩定、減輕。

10.[A]physical 還是詞義考察,同學們可以從這道題看出出題老師對形近字、意近字有多愛了吧…… physical,身體上的;mental,精神上的(這是一對,一定要記住!);subconscious,潛意識的;internal,內在的。

11.[B]According to 后一句提到"one classical theory of emotion",一個經典情感理論,說明是距離。所以此處連接詞選擇"According to"。

12.[C]in 這題的考點是介詞和動詞的搭配,如果你明白前一個root是“根、扎根”的意思,那么基本可以排除選項中的with,那到底是on, at 或是 in,就看日常積累了。

13.[D]because 這整句的意思是:“在19世紀末期有這樣的爭論:人們不是因為悲傷而哭泣,而是因為當流淚時會變得悲傷。” 因而此處選擇表示因果關系的because。其他的until,直到;unless,除非;if,如果,都不符合。

14.[C]precedes 詞義又來:exhaust,精疲力盡;follow,跟隨;precede,在……之前;suppress,抑制。

15.[B]from 從動詞flow,流動,來判斷。

16.[D]hold 因為后一句提到“thereby creating an artificial smile”,從而創造一個虛假的笑臉??梢钥闯?,無論是fetch或是pick(都是取來、撿來的意思)都是不對的,bite(咬)更不對。要維持一個笑臉,所以用"hold"。

17.[A]disappointed 這道題的技巧在于,無論是excited, joyful 或是indifferent,它們所能傳達的面部表情都是類似的,因而得知選disappointed,失望的——得出不一樣的表情。

18.[D]reacted 詞義題:adapt,適應;cater,迎合;turn,轉變;react,反應、

19.[A]suggesting 詞義題:suggest,傳達了、證明了;require,要求;mention,提到;suppose,假設。


20.[C]Similarly 從上一句的翻譯大家可以看出,"the physical act of laughter could improve mood."(笑這個生理動作可以改善情緒),這個意思是和上一句一樣的。所以應該選擇similar,相同的。而不是其他三個選項。






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